Hektor (Hector)

Son of Priam and Hekabe, and husband to Andromache, Hektor is the most beloved and greatest fighter for the Trojans. Because the war is being fought at Troy, and Homer presents a picture of life within the city walls, we have a... Read More | Share it!

Helen, Andromache, Hekabe (Hecabe)

Helen Even more so than Paris, Helen is the unwitting agent of Aphrodite. In her one important scene with the goddess she is literally forced to go to Paris against her wishes. Helen has a mysterious quality throughout the poem... Read More | Share it!

Patroklos (Patroclus), Odysseus, Nestor

Nestor Nestor, the aged king of Pylos, is one of the most elaborately conceived characters in the Iliad. He has not only a consistent set of ideas, but a consistent way of talking. He is forever long-winded and rambling. His... Read More | Share it!

Aias (Or Ajax), Diomedes, Menelaos (Menelaus)

Son of Telamon (hence called Telemonian Aias), he is, after Achilleus, the most imposing of the Argive warriors. He is frequently compared to a wall, and, in fact, as the last hero on the field after all the others have been... Read More | Share it!


Although many of the Greek commanders are kings in their own right, Agamemnon as commander-in-chief is king of them all, the “lord of men.” We don’t know whether he was given this position by virtue of the size or wealth of... Read More | Share it!

About Achilles

Achilleus, the son of Peleus and the sea goddess Thetis, is the leader of the Myrmidon contingent in the Trojan War. He is clearly the greatest of the Achaian warriors, in the judgment of both friend and enemy. The very sight of... Read More | Share it!

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Three Millennia of Greek Literature